An airport is, first
and foremost, an area of land where aircraft can take off and land, and
is the location of technical and administrative premises for the numerous
operators on the site.
This land belongs to the State, which delegates its management to the
Lille Métropole Chamber of Commerce, in the form of a concession
(see the Our Functions section).
Nevertheless, there are certain domains which come under its prerogative;
so the State has several distinct services on the platform:
The Civil Aviation Directorate
The Civil Aviation services
are responsible for everything connected with air navigation at the airport
site, as well as overall control of the airport concession: landing control
and the phasing of landings and take-offs, especially the movement of
aircraft on the runways and taxiways.
Police, Gendarmerie, Customs
The Border Police service controls
the entry of persons onto French territory (immigration control).
They are also responsible for maintaining public order within the terminal
and carry out administrative policing and legal operations.
The Air Transport Police control
access to the ‘restricted area’ (or ‘airside’);
that is to say access to the aircraft parking areas and runways. Their
first task is to prevent any intrusion into the Restricted Area and prevent
any unidentified or undesirable passenger from boarding the aircraft.
The role of Customs
is to control the entry of merchandise onto French territory; this applies
not only to Lille Airport’s freight activity but also to Passenger
Their tasks cover the fight against fraud and counterfeiting, the fight
against drug, alcohol and tobacco trafficking, managing health and food
alerts, controlling the rules and regulations on the safety of goods and
merchandise, collecting custom duties and taxes, import and export clearance
The Meteorological service
provides vital information for air navigation and for the facilities operator,
especially in the case of weather (snow) warnings to alert the snow removal